The Diviners, by Margaret Laurence

Photo of Margaret Laurence

I imagine that the vast majority of Canadian readers of my generation know Margaret Laurence through her novel The Stone Angel, a wonderful but not very kid-friendly book that has been a staple of Canadian high school curricula for at least two generations. If that was your first encounter with Laurence you can be forgiven for not going any deeper into her oeuvre; I loved The Stone Angel, but that was more despite the way it was taught to me in high school rather than because of it, and I can see why many readers would be inclined to steer clear of her other work. Margaret Laurence’s books are, on the surface at least, less exciting than those of Canada’s other great Margaret, Margaret Atwood. Who would want to read about village life in pre-war Manitoba when there are fast-paced stories about dissatisfied urban intellectuals to devour, and who cares… Continue Reading

Lives of Girls and Women, by Alice Munro

Detail from the cover of Alice Munro's Lives of Girls and Women

Alice Munro has a way of deflating things usually thought majestic, and granting majesty to things normally thought small and plain. I tweeted that earlier this month, and the passage that got me thinking about it was the opening of a section called “Changes and Ceremonies” in which Del and her friend Naomi become wrapped up the mythology of both sex and art, entering puberty and acting in the school play. It is an amazing thing: Boys’ hate was dangerous, it was keen and bright, a miraculous birthright, like Arthur’s sword snatched out of the stone, in the Grade Seven Reader. Girls’ hate, in comparison, seemed muddled and tearful, sourly defensive. Boys would bear down on you on their bicycles and cleave the air where you had been, magnificently, with no remorse, as if they wished there were knives on their wheels. And they would say anything. They would say… Continue Reading

Mad Shadows, by Marie-Claire Blais

Mad Shadows Cover Detail

I will confess to not really understanding why this novel was such a sensation. I imagine that it has something to do with the cultural context; aside from The Tin Flute I don’t really know much about Quebec literature from before 1959. I know that (European) French films of that period were moving away from a particular kind of pastoral romance and were either ignoring the genre entirely or subverting its tropes and ideals, and I wonder if Blais was trying something similar with Mad Shadows. With Louise’s vanity, Patrice’s beauty and utter stupidity, and Isabelle-Marie’s intense cruelty and anger, she’s certainly taken a sledgehammer to the pastoral novel, but then Gabrielle Roy did a complete end run around it almost fifteen years earlier. I won’t say that I thought it was bad, but I also can’t say that I liked it very much. There weren’t any issues with translatorese,… Continue Reading

Two Solitudes, by Hugh MacLennan

Detail of Two Solitudes Cover

So far, every book I’ve read as part of my Canada 150 project has felt archetypal in some way. Two Solitudes, a novel whose title has become shorthand for the the complex relationship between French and English Canada, is no exception, although it’s the weakest of the bunch, and lacks the relentless narrative drive of Barometer Rising. It’s a multi-generational novel, and while it’s hardly the first of its kind, it mostly takes place between and around periods of great significance, beginning at the end of World War One, ending at the outbreak of World War Two, and mostly skipping the Great Depression. In that way it seems almost stereotypically Canadian; present for the big moments, but more comfortable in the spaces between. It’s interesting to me that this is the first book I’ve read for the project that deals with the middle class or the wealthy instead of the… Continue Reading

The Tin Flute, by Gabrielle Roy

Various covers for The Tin Flute, by Gabrielle Roy

The Tin Flute has been on my list for years, and I’ve collected various editions in that time, until now all of them sitting unread on shelves or in boxes, the victims of good intentions and bad moods. I had meant, well and truly meant, to read the book when I found myself laid off in 2011 and spent fifteen months unemployed, but the copy I had at the time was so fragile I didn’t believe it would survive the attempt. The copy I did manage to read, a New Canadian Library edition, fittingly perhaps, from 1967, was a gift from a former professor at the University of Waterloo. I was just as afraid for it, but it turned out to be hardier than it looked. Hugo McPherson’s introduction was not promising, and he goes out of his way to warn readers about the flaws in Hannah Josephson’s translation, but… Continue Reading

As For Me and My House, by Sinclair Ross

As For Me and My House, by Sinclair Ross

As For Me and My House is the only book on my Canada 150 list that I hadn’t heard of prior to making the list. Sinclair Ross, as a name, was familiar to me, but beyond the “Canadian author” tag, I had nothing to attach to it. Having now read the book, it’s unclear to me how I escaped high school without having read it. It is exactly the sort of archetypal repressive prairie novel you’d expect to see assigned in Canadian schools—I would say it’s the very model for such books, if Martha Ostenso’s excellent Wild Geese didn’t predate it by a good sixteen years. The story of the country parson and his wife being slowly ground down by the weight of the town’s hypocritical moral gaze is so common in Canadian letters it’s become one of handful of stereotypical plots that are used as shorthand for old-fashioned, unadventurous… Continue Reading

Company Town, by Madeline Ashby

Company Town, by Madeline Ashby

For her third novel, futurist Madeline Ashby has taken a break from her excellent Machine Dynasty series with the standalone novel Company Town. Set in the near future on New Arcadia, an oil-rig-turned-city somewhere off the coast of Atlantic Canada, it follows Go Jung-hwa, a young, cynical bodyguard for the United Sex Workers of Canada, and one of New Arcadia’s few citizens who has not been subject to genetic engineering or received implants of any kind. When the family run-company Lynch Ltd. buys New Arcadia, she finds herself offered the job of protecting Joel Lynch, youngest member of the Lynch family and heir apparent, who has been receiving death threats. Not long after taking the job, someone starts murdering people from Hwa’s former life. Company Town blends themes, genres, and concepts for some extremely successful world-building. Ashby gives us a frontier-town noir thriller that features social progress in attitudes about… Continue Reading

Reading Breakdown for 2016

Covers from books I read in 2016

I’ve now been back from working on the I1K Project in Northern Saskatchewan for almost nine months, and I managed to spend none of 2016 working in the field. Unfortunately I spent about six months in the middle of the year unemployed, but that did allow me to get a fair bit of reading done, and I managed to get my brain back into working order, so to speak. I’ve been lucky enough to get back into reviewing, and I feel like I’m sharper and better than ever in that regard. It feels good to have the money coming in, but getting to read new work (and seeing my byline in print) is even better. So let’s get into it: I set myself two reading projects for 2016; I would read as many of the classic works of cyberpunk fiction that I could get my hands on, and I would… Continue Reading

Anne of Green Gables, by L.M. Montgomery

Anne of Green Gables

That I have avoided reading this book until now, given its influence on Canadian culture is kind of remarkable. I had read Emily of New Moon for a class on early Canadian literature, but Anne herself had eluded me. Perhaps it was because of the television series. I’ve only seen a few episodes, and those few don’t exactly hold pride of place in my memory, but the show has always seemed emblematic to me of the kind of milquetoast media culture that Canada fostered for most of my youth. Anne is a Good Girl™ and today her story reads like little more than nostalgia for a kind, gentle, primly white and Calvinist Canada that never existed, and is longed for by people whose grandparents likely wouldn’t have been old enough to see it, even if it had. Most of the Canadian media I grew up with, from Air Farce and… Continue Reading

Canada 150 Reading Project: The Final List

Canada 150 Logo (detail)

As detailed in this post from September, in 2017 I will be reading twelve classic works of Canadian literature that I have somehow avoided reading up until now, one for every month for the year. After much consideration, and input from friends and other readers, I’ve come up with a final list. I’m going to try to read them in the order they were published, but a couple of them are still on order from my local indie bookseller, and one of those is apparently out of print until February, so that may not wind up happening. It turns out this list was pretty hard to make! I’ve read a lot of Canadian books over the years, and I’ve read the major works of most of my favourite Canadian writers. Here’s the final list, in the order I plan to read them: Anne of Green Gables, by Lucy Maude Montgomery… Continue Reading